MDGRAPE is a special-purpose computer for molecular dynamics (MD)
simulations. MD-GRAPE1,2 is the first machine developed in
University of Tokyo. MDGRAPE-23 was developed in RIKEN,
and commercially available. A
big machine, Molecular Dynamics Machine (MDM)4,5, with
a 78-Tflops peak performance was also developed with MDGRAPE-2 and
WINE-26. MDGRAPE-37 is shipped from 2005.
Taiji, M., Fukushige, T., Makino, J., Ebisuzaki, T., and Sugimoto, D.,
"MD-GRAPE: A Parallel Special-Purpose Computer System for Classical
Molecular Dynamics Simulations",
Physics Computing '94 Lugano, Switzerland,
in Proceedings of the 6th Joint EPS-APS international conference
on Physics Computing,
European Physical Society, Geneva, pp. 200-203, 1994.
Fukushige, T., Taiji, M., Makino, J., Ebisuzaki, T., and
Sugimoto, D., "A Highly-Parallelized Special-Purpose Computer for
Many-body Simulations with An Arbitrary Central Force: MD-GRAPE",
Astrophysical Journal, 468, pp. 51-61, 1996.
Susukita R, Ebisuzaki T, Elmegreen BG, Furusawa H, Kato K, Kawai A,
Kobayashi Y, Koishi T, McNiven GD, Narumi T, Yasuoka K, "Hardware
accelerator for molecular dynamics: MDGRAPE-2",
Computer Physics Communications, 155 (2), pp. 115-131, 2003.
Tetsu Narumi, Ryutaro Susukita, Toshikazu Ebisuzaki, Geoffrey
McNiven, Bruce Elmegreen, "Molecular dynamics machine: Special-purpose
computer for molecular dynamics simulations",
Molecular Simulation, vol. 21, pp. 401-415, 1999.
"A special-purpose computer for molecular dynamics simulations: MDM",
Astrophysical Supercomputing Using Particle Simulations, IAU
Symposium (208), pp. 349-358, 2003.
Tetsu Narumi, Ryutaro Susukita, Hideaki Furusawa and
Toshikazu Ebisuzaki, "46 Tflops Special-purpose Computer for Molecular
Dynamics Simulations: WINE-2", in Proceedings of the 5th
International Conference on Signal Processing, pp. 575-582,
Taiji Makoto, Narumi Tetsu, Ohno Yousuke, Futatsugi
Noriyuki, Suenaga Atsushi, Takada Naoki, Konagaya Akihiko, "Protein
explorer: A petaflops special-purpose computer system for molecular
dynamics simulations", in Proceedings of the SC2003 Technical
Papers, CDROM, Phoenix, 2003.